When deciding which therapist or counsellor to work with it is useful to understand the different approaches used by them. All approaches are effective but people tend to find one is more “attractive” than another. It appeals to “their way” more than others. However many people go by the therapist or coach and do not mind the approaches used.
Most approaches are on 1-2-1 basis but as the image on the left shows sometimes group sessions are conducted.
All approaches are based on a psychological theory or concept and on the whole, generally fall into these categories:
- Arts therapies
- Cognitive-Behavioural therapies
- Couples counselling
- Humanistic therapies
- NLP (Neuro-linguistic Programming)
- Psychoanalytical and psychodynamic therapies
This is a massive generalisation as many approaches overlap somewhat. Many therapists and coaches practice ‘integrative’ therapy. This allows them to draw on and blend different approaches differently for every client.
Others work in an ‘eclectic’ way. This means they draw on several different approaches and combine the techniques when working with their clients.
There are separate pages for the different approaches available for you to find out more. These pages are also generalisations and individual therapists and coaches may define or explain them in a different manner.
Some approaches are described in much more detail than others. The ones used less commonly tend to have less written about them.