Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies
Cognitive and Behavioural therapies are based on the way you think (cognitive) and/or the way you act, (behaviour).
Cognitive and Behavioural therapies work on the basis that it is possible to change our thoughts or behaviour by using specific techniques. The idea is that we recondition our thought and behaviour processes and patterns.
Many therapists use these techniques as they can follow a framework that the client can continue practicing at home between sessions.
These are covered in general terms below; but at the bottom of the page there is a detailed pdf download available.
Behavioural therapy (BT)
Behavioural Therapy will focus on a client’s learnt, (conditioned), behaviour and how this needs to be amended. This approach presupposes that if a behaviour is learnt, it can be unlearnt as well. This is in effect reconditioning to work with a more beneficial behaviour. It can be very powerful in dealing with phobias, anxieties and addictions.
Cognitive analytic therapy (CAT)
Cognitive Analytic Therapy is an integrative blend of cognitive therapy and analytic psychology. The general concept is that by looking at past experiences the client begins to understand why they think or behave in a particular manner. They can then move on to develop new and more positive ways of thinking.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) integrates cognitive and behavioural therapies. The concept is that thoughts, emotional and physical feelings along with actions have an effect on each other. By making the connections and understanding them, CBT is effective for dealing with depression, anxiety, phobias and other problems.
Cognitive therapy (CT)
Cognitive Therapy looks at a client’s thoughts and perceptions about situations, etc. It then looks at how these may have a significant affect on emotions and behaviours. The negative thoughts are reassessed so that a person can learn more beneficial ways of thinking. This in turn will affect their feelings and behaviours about those thoughts.
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is an integration of behavioural analysis that, mindfulness and acceptance strategies. This is supposed to increase mental flexibility. ACT is not a long-term treatment but has been useful for helping people with depression, anxiety and other disorders.
Detailed version as a pdf